Basic principles of Forex trading

In the volatile world of Forex trading, deep understanding and intelligent strategy implementation are critical to financial success. This market is not just a place for daily currency trading with substantial volumes but also a playground where traders must equip themselves with specific skills and knowledge for risk management, learning from failures, and developing patience and perseverance.


The Forex market, or the foreign exchange market, is where currencies are traded. It is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily trading volume of 6.6 trillion USD (data from 2019).

In the Forex market, currencies are traded in pairs. For example, the EUR/USD currency pair represents the ratio between the euro and the U.S. dollar. If this ratio is 1.1800, 1 euro can be exchanged for 1.1800 U.S. dollars.

How the Forex Market Works

The Forex market operates 24 hours daily, from Monday to Friday, divided into three main trading sessions: Asia-Europe, Europe-America, and America-Asia.

1. The Asia-Europe trading session starts from 21:00 to 5:00 GMT, with significant financial centers being Sydney, Tokyo, Hong Kong, and Singapore.

2. The Europe-America trading session starts from 8:00 to 16:00 GMT, with significant financial centers being London, New York, Frankfurt, and Zurich.

3. The America-Asia trading session starts from 13:00 to 21:00 GMT, with significant financial centers being New York and Sydney.

Transactions in the Forex market are typically conducted through an electronic trading platform, not through a centralized exchange. This means the Forex market operates on a continuous global network; unlike the stock market, trading only occurs during the exchange’s fixed working hours.

In the Forex market, you can buy or sell a currency based on your prediction of whether its value will rise or fall compared to another currency in the pair. For example, if you think the euro’s value will increase compared to the U.S. dollar, you can buy the EUR/USD currency pair. Conversely, if you believe the euro’s value will decrease compared to the U.S. dollar, you can sell the EUR/USD currency pair.


Risk management is one of the most important aspects of Forex trading. Even with the most effective trading strategy, you can still lose your entire capital without good risk management.

Here are some basic principles of risk management in Forex trading.

1. Never put all your eggs in one basket: Never put too much money into a single trade. A common rule is not to risk more than 1-2% of your trading capital on a single transaction.

2. Use Stop Loss and Take Profit configurations: Stop Loss is the price level at which you will accept a loss if the market moves against your prediction. Take Profit is the price level at which you will take Profit if the market moves in the direction of your prediction. Both settings help you manage your risk and Profit automatically.

3. Conduct market analysis: Ensure you understand the factors affecting currency prices, including economic, political, and global events.


Suppose you have a trading capital of 10,000 USD. Following the rule of not risking more than 1% of your trading capital, you would not place more than 100 USD on a single trade.

Suppose you have analyzed the market and decided to buy EUR/USD at 1.1800, expecting it to rise to 1.1850. You also set a Stop Loss at 1.1780, accepting a loss of 20 pips if the price moves against your prediction.

With a mini lot size (10,000 units), each pip movement equals a 1 USD change in your capital. Therefore, a 20 pips risk equals risking 20 USD, which is still within the 1% limit of your trading capital. If the price rises to 1.1850, you would gain 50 pips, equivalent to 50 USD.


Failure in Forex trading is not something to fear or avoid but an opportunity to learn and improve.

Here are some methods for learning from failure:

1. Analyze failed trades: When a business doesn’t go as you expected, take the time to analyze why. This includes reviewing your market analysis, trading strategy, risk management, and trading psychology.

2. Keep a record: A trading journal can help you track and analyze your trades. Detailed notes about each work, including the reasons for entering and exiting and your thoughts and emotions, can help you identify patterns and trends in your trading behavior.

3. Seek help: If you struggle to identify the reasons for failure, don’t hesitate to seek help. This can include learning from experienced traders, joining online discussion groups, or hiring a trading coach.

Example of learning from failure:

Suppose you bought EUR/USD at 1.1800 and set a Stop Loss at 1.1780, but the market moved against your prediction, and the Stop Loss was triggered.

In this case, you might review your market analysis. Did you overlook some crucial economic information? Or did you misjudge the impact of that information on the currency price?

If you feel anxious or frustrated about the Loss, note these emotions in your trading journal. This can help you recognize if your psychology negatively affects your trading decisions and find ways to manage that psychology in the future.


In Forex trading, patience and perseverance are crucial qualities that help you succeed.

Here’s how they can be applied:

1. Patience in waiting for the best trading opportunities: While the Forex market operates 24 hours a day, it doesn’t mean that good trading opportunities are always present. Being patient and waiting until all technical indicators and fundamental analysis support your trading decision can increase your chances of success.

2. Patience to hold a trade: Once you have opened a business based on your analysis, be patient and wait for the outcome. Short-term market volatility can tempt you to close the business early, but staying calm and sticking to your trading plan is essential.

3. Perseverance in sticking to a trading plan: A trading plan must be followed consistently. This requires perseverance not to change the plan midway, even when faced with short-term failures.

Overall, success in the Forex market comes from understanding technical or fundamental analysis and managing emotions, discipline, and patience. Anyone can become a successful trader in this market by continually learning, adapting, and growing.

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